Modeling of Non-Stationary Mass Transfer Process in Groundwater




mathematical modeling, anthropogenic pollution, groundwater dynamics, groundwater, mass transfer


Purpose. Infiltration of contaminated water and accidental spills of chemically hazardous substances into groundwater lead to the formation of large zones of man-made pollution in aquifers. Therefore, it is important to develop protection systems against groundwater pollution. To analyze the effectiveness of such protection systems at the design stage, it is necessary to have scientifically based information on the dynamics of changes in groundwater contamination zones. Such information can be obtained using the method of mathematical modeling. The study aims to create a numerical model for calculating the non-stationary process of geomigration when using chemical protection of groundwater from pollution. Methodology. To describe the dynamics of groundwater flows, two filtration equations are considered, which allow mathematical modeling of the filtration process both for solving planned problems and for solving problems of specialized filtration. A two-dimensional geomigration equation was used to analyze changes in groundwater quality. This equation takes into account the convective transfer of impurities in the filtration flow, dispersion, and the intensity of impurity infiltration into the groundwater flow. This equation is also used to calculate the movement of the neutralizer in groundwater. The numerical integration of the filtration equation was performed using finite difference methods. An implicit splitting scheme was used to numerically integrate the geomigration equation. Findings. A fast-applicable numerical model for calculating groundwater dynamics has been built. The model is also a platform for solving another important task – the calculation of geomigration processes. A numerical model for calculating the unsteady-state geomigration process is proposed, which makes it possible to assess not only the process of formation of contamination zones in the groundwater flow, but also to determine the effectiveness of the method of neutralizing the impurities in the groundwater flow. Originality. Effective numerical models for rapid assessment of changes in groundwater dynamics and quality under the influence of anthropogenic sources have been developed. These models take into account a set of important physical factors that affect the process of geomigration and the process of neutralizing the impurity in the groundwater flow. Practical value. A computer program has been developed that allows determining the effectiveness of the process of neutralizing an aggressive impurity in groundwater by a computational experiment to protect it from anthropogenic pollution.


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How to Cite

Biliaiev, M. M., & Kozachyna, V. V. (2024). Modeling of Non-Stationary Mass Transfer Process in Groundwater. Science and Transport Progress, (2(106), 18–25.